But to settle your bet it would be closer to a vegetable than a fruit. It was several times the price of other valuable herbs and spices such as cinnamon, opium, and saffron. [14] It appears in The Divine Farmer's Herb-Root Classic, which is thought to have been compiled about 1,800 years ago. Rhubarb is usually considered a vegetable as the plant produces external seeds, For culinary purposes it is used as a fruit. [5] The leaf stalks can be used raw, when they have a crisp texture (similar to celery, although it is in a different family), but are most commonly cooked with sugar and used in pies, crumbles and other desserts. The fleshy, edible stalks (petioles) of other species and hybrids (culinary rhubarb) were cooked and used for food. This is due to its sour, fruity … Wrongly, Rhubarb is often counted among the fruit species. The leaves are not eaten as they are poisonous. [36], The rhizomes contain stilbenoid compounds (including rhaponticin), and the flavanol glucosides (+)-catechin-5-O-glucoside and (−)-catechin-7-O-glucoside.[38]. Rhubarb (Rheum officinale Baillon) is a very undemanding perennial vegetable. Rhubarb is a cool season crop that is grown for its fibrous leaf stalks, which are a wonderful sweet-tart treat. In 1947, the U.S. All that and it’s perennial in many areas. [7] In temperate climates, rhubarb is one of the first food plants harvested, usually in mid- to late spring (April or May in the Northern Hemisphere, October or November in the Southern Hemisphere), and the season for field-grown plants lasts until the end of summer. In most of the countries rhubarb is considered a vegetable, but in America is considered a fruit. Rhubarb- Fruit or Vegetable? Rhubarb can be dehydrated and infused with fruit juice. But rhubarb is a bit of an interesting case. In the first harvest year you should only cut off 3-4 stems at once. Customs Court ruled that because we use rhubarb in pies, tarts and desserts, the vegetable should be classified as a fruit. Penguin 1997. page 145, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Culinary Rhubarb Production in North America: History and Recent Statistics", "Did John Bartram introduce rhubarb to North America? It's considered a vegetable here as the edible stalks of the rhubarb plant grow from a sturdy rhizone (underground stem), and the best stalks are long, thin, vibrant pink and tender, and are the result of being force-grown in artifical darkness. In fact, it’s easily mistaken for a fruit. [30] The Greek physician Dioscorides used the Greek word ῥᾶ (rha), whereas Galen later used ῥῆον (rhēon), Latin rheum. Rhubarb can also be used to make alcoholic drinks, such as fruit wines or Finnish Rhubarb sima (mead). This month is also well suitable for planting the vegetable in your garden – if you have not done so yet. As Hank explains, the definition of a true vegetable is anything that is the root, stem or leaf of a plant. Add the sugar, and beat until light and fluffy, 2 to 3 minutes. In the northwestern US states of Oregon and Washington, there are typically two harvests, from late April to May and from late June into July;[10] half of all US production is in Pierce County, Washington. Historically, different plants have been called "rhubarb" in English. THE BEHAVIOR OF THE ORGANIC ACIDS DURING CULTURE OF EXCISED LEAVES", "Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System", "Oxalate content of foods and its effect on humans", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhubarb&oldid=996770903, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2014, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 14:52. The whole plant – a herbaceous perennial growing from short, thick rhizomes – is also called rhubarb. Wrongly, Rhubarb is often counted among the fruit species. Rhubarb is considered a fruit because it is usually eaten as a dessert, but it is actually a vegetable. In the United States it's considered a fruit because we use it more like one and the tariffs are lower for fruit than vegetables. Rhubarb should not be harvest until its second year. Organic Gardening. Rhubarb is a vegetable, but it is often prepared or combined with fruit for desserts. Alternatively, greater quantities of sugar can be added with pectin to make jams. In the 1940s, however, New York State decided that rhubarb should be classified as a fruit because the tariffs and duties were cheaper, and it … In the United States until the 1940s it was considered a vegetable. Hungry wildlife may dig up and eat rhubarb roots in the spring, as stored starches are turned to sugars for new foliage growth. Rhubarb (Rheum officinale Baillon) is a very undemanding perennial vegetable. See more ideas about rhubarb, recipes, rhubarb recipes. Species of herbaceous perennial plant with fleshy, sour edible stalks, Lawrence D Hills. In a separate small bowl, add the butter and beat until creamy, 30 seconds. A person who is incapable of normal mental or physical activity, esp. These days, it’s also one of the least well-known. It belongs to the class of the knotweed family (Polygonaceae) as well as sorrel (Rumex acetosa). Rhubarb is a herbaceous perennial plant yes it is a fruit A person with a dull or inactive life edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant A plant or part of a plant used… Rhubarb is a perennial vegetable (yes, vegetable) characterized by long crimson or light green stalks topped by large ruffled green leaves. [31] The specific epithet rhaponticum, applying to one of the presumed parents of the cultivated plant, means 'rha from the region of the Black Sea'. The precise origin of culinary rhubarb is unknown. Thought to be a native of Tibet, rhubarb is the leaf stalk (or petiole) of a perennial plant. The season is short, and time should not be wasted on debates. These pink thick stalks are classed as a fruit, and actually part of the leafy sorrel, knotweed and buckwheat gang. [24], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:[25], The word rhubarb is likely to have derived in the 14th century from the Old French rubarbe, which came from the Latin rheubarbarum and Greek rha barbaron, meaning 'foreign rhubarb'. It is mainly used in pies and other desserts. Cooking the leaves with baking soda can make them more poisonous by producing soluble oxalates. Rhubarb is a host, damage being visible mainly on the leaves and stalks, with gummosis, and oval or circular feeding and/or egg-laying sites.[50]. [17], The cost of transportation across Asia made rhubarb expensive in medieval Europe. In Romania we use it as a fruit and vegetable. The species Rheum rhabarbarum (syn. [17] Certain species came to be grown in England to produce the roots. The merchant explorer Marco Polo therefore searched for the place where the plant was grown and harvested, discovering that it was cultivated in the mountains of Tangut province. In the United Kingdom, the first rhubarb of the year is harvested by candlelight in forcing sheds where all other light is excluded, a practice that produces a sweeter, more tender stalk. Rhubarb (Rheum Rhabarbarum) is a very undemanding perennial vegetable. [8] Serious cases of rhubarb poisoning are not well documented. If you want to increase the harvest with the help of compost or organic fertilizer, please absolutely make sure not to harm the roots. Get tips and tricks how to clever water with GARDENA. The fruit of a plant is the reproductive part. In Northern Europe and North America the stalks are commonly cut into pieces and stewed with added sugar until soft. [33] Rhubarb in the US is also often paired with strawberries to make strawberry-rhubarb pie, though some rhubarb purists jokingly consider this "a rather unhappy marriage".[33]. It is called the “pie plant” because one of its most popular uses is as pie filling. Here’s where things get confusing: Contrary to popular belief, rhubarb is technically a vegetable. [13], The Chinese call rhubarb "the great yellow" (dà huáng 大黃), and have used rhubarb root for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Rhubarb, for example, is often included in sweet dessert-style recipes even though it’s a vegetable. The colour results from the presence of anthocyanins, and varies according to both rhubarb variety and production technique. The identity of rhubarb has vexed gardeners and chefs for years, so much so in fact, that a in 1947 a US court ruled it was a fruit. It was reclassified as a fruit when US customs officials, baffled by the foreign food, decided it should be classified according to the way it was eaten. [45] The leaves are believed to also contain an additional, unidentified toxin,[46] which might be an anthraquinone glycoside (also known as senna glycosides). vegetable offensive. In the United States, it is usually infused with strawberry juice to mimic the popular strawberry rhubarb pie. You know, I had this moment when I realized I didn’t know whether rhubarb is a vegetable or a fruit. Add the rhubarb to a small bowl, and toss with 3 tablespoons (35 grams) of sugar. It is still eaten this way in western Finland, Norway, Canada, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Faroe Islands and Sweden, and also some other parts of the world. Rhubarb is grown widely, and with greenhouse production it is available throughout much of the year. April 12, 2019 | Susan. This is due to its sour, fruity taste and the fact that it is mainly used for desserts. [22] From the first, the familiar garden rhubarb was not the only Rheum in American gardens: Thomas Jefferson planted R. undulatum at Monticello in 1809 and 1811, observing that it was "Esculent rhubarb, the leaves excellent as Spinach. Hothouse rhubarb is usually brighter red, tenderer and sweeter-tasting than outdoor rhubarb. The species Rheum ribes has been eaten in the Islamic world since the 10th century.[32]. This is due to its sour, fruity … The most popular accompanying spice to use is ginger, although cinnamon and nutmeg are also popular additions. This will be my board for posting my tried and true recipes. This usage was first recorded in 18th to 19th-century England after affordable sugar became more widely available.[17][19]. In the United Kingdom, as well as being used in the typical pies, tarts and crumbles, rhubarb compote is also combined with whipped cream and/or custard to make respectively rhubarb fool and rhubarb and custard. [3] In appearance, samples of culinary rhubarb vary on a continuum between R. rhaponticum and R. rhabarbarum. However, scientifically it qualifies as a vegetable. Rhubarb is a vegetable derived from cultivated plants in the genus Rheum in the family Polygonaceae. — Michael Marks, Correspondent In the Bins rhubarb is a very ornamental vegetable that is usually prepared and eaten much like a fruit. [15] The value of rhubarb can be seen in Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo's report of his embassy in 1403–05 to Timur in Samarkand: "The best of all merchandise coming to Samarkand was from China: especially silks, satins, musk, rubies, diamonds, pearls, and rhubarb ..."[18], The high price as well as the increasing demand from apothecaries stimulated efforts to cultivate the different species of rhubarb on European soil. Rhubarb is a perennial plant that has stalks similar to celery. Botanically, a fruit contains seeds and vegetables consist of leaves, stalks and roots. In former days, a common and affordable sweet for children in parts of the United Kingdom and Sweden was a tender stick of rhubarb, dipped in sugar. [36] The long term consumption of oxalic acid leads to kidney stone formation in humans. Copyright © 2008-2020 GARDENA, All rights reserved, Product registration / Warranty extension, Planting and Maintenance Glove Size 7 / S. Rhubarb stalks are poetically described as "crimson stalks". The classification of rhubarb as fruit or vegetable is less important than taking advantage of its spring flavor. These in turn derive from a Persian name for species of Rheum. Oddly enough, rhubarb is most often used as a fruit rather than a vegetable. In addition, rhubarb can be a beautiful ornamental plant with its large, textured leaves and chunky stems. Rhubarb grown in hothouses (heated greenhouses) is called "hothouse rhubarb", and is typically made available at consumer markets in early spring, before outdoor cultivated rhubarb is available. Traditionally, rhubarb is known as a very hardy and versatile plant that, like asparagus, can be harvested until around Midsummer’s Day (24 June). Rhubarb is technically a vegetable, but is legally considered a fruit. The stalks are the only edible part of the plant; in fact, the leaves of rhubarb are poisonous. The small flowers are grouped in large compound leafy greenish-white to rose-red inflorescences. [34], In traditional Chinese medicine, rhubarb roots of several species were used as a laxative for several millennia,[35] although there is no clinical evidence to indicate such use is effective. Rhubarb is a good example as well because people can’t tell whether it’s a fruit or vegetable. The fleshy, edible stalks (petioles) of other species and hybrids (culinary rhubarb) were cooked and used for food. Rhubarb is actually a vegetable, but is often used in food as a fruit. Because of its prolific spread in areas of favorable climate, rhubarb is very often seen as a weed. However, the site should be well considered. Rosy rhubarb is native to Siberia, and it’s one of the oldest vegetables around. The origin of the large leaved vegetable is Asia. [16] Later, it also started arriving via the new maritime routes, or overland through Russia. 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'' between Wakefield, Leeds, and it ’ s also one of these absolutely irresistible rhubarb recipes. Asia made rhubarb expensive in medieval Europe ribes has been eaten in the United States, it is often. Foliage growth it was legally declared a fruit to grow small flowers are in.