Topics. The potential benefits of animal biotechnology are numerous and include enhanced nutritional content of food for human consumption; a more abundant, cheaper and varied food supply; agricultural land-use savings; a decrease in the number of animals needed for the food supply; improved health of animals and humans; development of new, low-cost disease treatments for humans; and increased understanding of human disease. USDA plays a vital role in facilitating scientific discoveries and technological innovation to ensure the availability of a safe, nutritious, and abundant food supply. Lincoln Laboratory establishes Biotechnology and Human Systems Division . In gene splicing, DNA cannot be transferred directly from its original organism, the donor, to the recipient organism, or the host. This journal acknowledges and encourages interdisciplinary research in Biotechnology with scope to address mankind. Read full story → Those opposed to the concept say it is a clear sign we have gone too far in changing that animal. The donor DNA can be introduced directly into an organism by techniques such as injection through the cell walls of plants or into the fertilized egg of an animal. While food allergens are not a new issue, the difficulty comes in how to anticipate these adequately, because they only can be detected once a person is exposed and experiences a reaction. Another major application of animal biotechnology is the use of animal organs in humans. Human pharmaceutical proteins include enzymes, clotting factors, albumin and antibodies. Animal health related resources, including animal diseases, animal management, and animal health research. Probiotics are used as a means to improve animal health and intestinal development. Related Journals of Animal biotechnology View aims and scope Submit your article Guide for authors. Biotechnology improves the food we eat - meat, milk and eggs. Explore journal content Latest issue Articles in press Article collections All … Future of biotechnology in medicine. It is this technology that creates a possible source of replacement organs for humans. Top; About this journal. Thus, there also is concern that genetically engineered organisms will escape and reproduce in the natural environment. It also is expected that technologies will continue to be developed in the field, with much hope for advances in the use of animal organs in human transplant operations. Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members. April 2008 MD Publications Distributed by Coronet Books Inc. ISBN: 9788175331020 414 pages, Illustrated, 7 5/8 x 9 3/4" The journal accepts original research, case reports, review and letters to the editor on the recent updates and outcomes of research on the perspective of the below mentioned topics: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that encompasses a wide range of research areas including animal genetics, reproduction, nutrition, physiology, biochemistry, biotechnology, feedstuffs and animal products.The journal publishes original and novel research articles and reviews mainly involved in pigs, poultry, beef cattle, cows, goats and … Hot topics in animal science and production. For reproductive cloning, the embryo is implanted into a uterus of a surrogate female, where it can develop into a live being. For example, Christians do not oppose animal biotechnology unanimously. A specific example of these particular applications of animal biotechnology is the transfer of the growth hormone gene of rainbow trout directly into carp eggs. And in a Gallup poll conducted in May 2004, 64 percent of Americans polled said they thought it was morally wrong to clone animals. They currently provide 18% of the total calories and … Two main areas of debate focus on the welfare of animals involved and the religious issues related to animal biotechnology. Under the umbrella of genetic engineering exist other technologies, such as transgenics and cloning, that also are used in animal biotechnology. Related topics also are searchable, including animal breeding, genetics and many others. It is feared existing species could be eliminated, thus upsetting the natural balance of organisms. … The concept of animal tissue culture first emerged in 1903, when scientists discovered the technique of dividing cells in vitro (in a test tube). Camouflage Mechanism in Sea Animals 5. In 1973, American geneticist Stanley Cohen and American biochemist Herbert Boyer removed a specific gene from one bacterium and inserted it into another using restriction enzymes. Biotechnology improves the food we eat - meat, milk and eggs. This field builds on advances in biotechnology, and currently informs food science of protein-containing products such as milk and eggs, as well as tissue-based foods such as meat and fish. Agricultural animals have played a critical role in meeting human nutritional requirements for food and fiber. Finally, concern exists about the toxicity of unintended expression products in the animal biotechnology process. Whether products generated from genetically engineered animals should be labeled is yet another controversy surrounding animal biotechnology. Biotechnology provides new tools for improving human health and animal health and welfare and increasing livestock productivity. Animal Biotechnology: Current Research aims in the dissemination of knowledge evolving from cutting edge research for improving animal health and productivity. Animal Biotechnology is an international, peer-reviewed journal, which publishes high quality, original research contributions to scientific knowledge. Latest Research in the Biotechnology and Topics for Dissertation. The latest science news on biotechnology. Biotechnology. Others, however, believe the transferred genes are exactly what make the animal distinctive; therefore the melon would be forbidden to be eaten as well. New content alerts RSS. Since the early 1980s, transgenic animals have been created with increased growth rates, enhanced lean muscle mass, enhanced resistance to disease or improved use of dietary phosphorous to lessen the environmental impacts of animal manure. The Prevention Measures in Plant Pathology 7. It looks like you’re using an outdated version of Internet Explorer that is not supported by the About Bioscience website. Those opposed to using the patent system for animal biotechnology have suggested using breed registries to protect intellectual property. Animal biotechnology clearly has its skeptics as well as its outright opponents. These potential harms include the alteration of the ecologic balance regarding feed sources and predators, the introduction of transgenic animals that alter the health of existing animal populations and the disruption of reproduction patterns and their success. Male Pregnancy Among Animals 3. and Will it interact with and affect the success of other animals in the new community? The potential for new allergens to be expressed in the process of creating foods from genetically modified animals is a real and valid concern, because the process introduces new proteins. To date, a majority of the American public is uncomfortable with genetic modifications to animals. It will publish review articles, original research papers, method papers and short articles in Biological research fields. Before animal biotechnology will be used widely by animal agriculture production systems, additional research will be needed to determine if the benefits of animal biotechnology outweigh these potential risks. This especially is true because researchers and developers worry the future market success of any products derived from cloned or genetically engineered animals will depend partly on the public’s acceptance of those products. A Biotechnology Perspective of Animals Diseases. Submissions of manuscripts focused on biotech-associated topics in a broad sense (topics Still others question the need to genetically engineer animals. Animal “telos” is a concept derived from Aristotle and refers to an animal’s fundamental nature. In 1988, the first patent was issued on a transgenic animal, a strain of laboratory mice whose cells were engineered to contain a cancer-predisposing gene. Scientists use reproductive cloning techniques to produce multiple copies of mammals that are nearly identical copies of other animals, including transgenic animals, genetically superior animals and animals that produce high quantities of milk or have some other desirable trait. Current Research in Biotechnology is an international peer reviewed journal devoted to publishing original research and short communications resulting from research in Analytical biotechnology, Plant biotechnology, Food biotechnology, Energy biotechnology, Environmental biotechnology, Systems biology, Nanobiotechnology, Tissue, cell and pathway engineering, Chemical biotechnology, and … Citation search. For each approved product, the FDA also makes available to the public via its website a Freedom of Information Summary that summarizes the information that FDA used to determine that the drug is safe for the treated animals, the animal products (edible tissues such as meat) are safe for humans to eat, and that the product is effective. While predicting the future is inherently risky, some things can be said with certainty about the future of animal biotechnology. The main governing body for animal biotechnology and their products is the FDA. Generous financial support provided by GlaxoSmithKline, the Biogen Idec Foundation, the Burroughs Wellcome Fund and the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Some modern theologians even see biotechnology as a challenging, positive opportunity for us to work with God as “co-creators.”. The hormone is extracted from the bacterium, is purified and is injected into dairy cows, increasing their milk production by 10 to 15 percent. Individual genes direct an animal’s characteristics through the production of proteins. Of the transgenic animals that do survive, many do not express the inserted gene properly, often resulting in anatomical, physiological or behavioral abnormalities. For example, female horses have been bred with male donkeys to produce mules, and male horses have been bred with female donkeys to produce hinnies, for use as work animals, for the past 3,000 years. Administration of Saccharomyces boulardii mafic-1701 improves feed conversion ratio, promotes antioxidant capacity, alleviates intestinal inflammation and modulates gut microbiota in weaned piglets. ADVERTISEMENTS: This technique was initially confined to cold-blooded […] Proteins, including enzymes and hormones, perform many vital functions in organisms. 2. While it has been noted that animals might, in fact, benefit from the use of animal biotechnology — through improved health, for example — the majority of discussion is about the known and unknown potential negative impacts to animal welfare through the process. Animal Biotechnology List of Issues Volume 31, Issue 6 2019 Impact Factor. Disagreement exists as to whether it is ethical to change an animal’s telos through transgenesis. All manuscript submissions are subject to initial appraisal by the Editor, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to … In January 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the sale of cloned animals and their offspring for food, despite fierce opposition from animal welfare and consumer advocacy groups, environmental organizations, some members of Congress, and many consumers. .. Tracking progress against indicators for different future scenarios will help to focus, emphasize, or de-emphasize discovery research in a timely manner and to maximize the chance for successful innovation. Not all religious believers make these assertions, however, and different believers of the same religion might hold differing views on the subject. The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) is the United Kingdom’s principal funder of basic and strategic biological research. In effect, God has created a perfect, natural order, they say, and it is sinful to try to improve that order by manipulating the basic ingredient of all life, DNA. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 58 percent of those polled said they opposed scientific research on the genetic engineering of animals. The process of transplanting cells, tissues or organs from one species to another is referred to as xenotransplantation. These enzymes cut the DNA strands of any organism at precise points. The subsequently produced protein then can be removed from the host and used as a genetically engineered product in humans, other animals, plants, bacteria or viruses. Funded by a grant from the Pew Charitable Trusts to the University of Richmond, it advocates neither for nor against agricultural biotechnology. To deliver its mission, the BBSRC supports research and training in universities and research centers and promotes knowledge transfer from research to applications in business, industry and policy, and public engagement in the biosciences. Some wonder if it is done so companies can increase profits and agricultural production. Current Research in Biotechnology. Religion plays a crucial part in the way some people view animal biotechnology. Open access. One could also find good research topics related to traditional biology subfields like plant and animal biology, ecology (current global problems warrant a number of hot topics), or topics related to humans: neurobiology (and determinants of human behavior), recent discoveries on diseases and the immune system, etc. In addition, if federal funds are used to support the research, the work further is regulated by the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. In SCNT, scientists remove the nucleus from an egg cell (oocyte) and replace it with a nucleus from a donor adult somatic cell, which is any cell in the body except for an oocyte or sperm. In this use, the introduced genetic construct is considered the “drug.” This lack of concrete regulatory guidance has produced many questions, especially because the process for bringing genetically engineered animals to market remains unknown. Introduction to Animal Biotechnology. View aims and scope. Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques, Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Biology and Medicine, Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering, Animal Biotechnology, African Journal of Biotechnology, Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Critical Reviews in Biotechnology and Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, Asian Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. All rights reserved. That growth hormone is called bovine somatotropin or BST. Genetic engineering is used to knock out the pig gene responsible for the protein that forms the marker to the pig cells. The animal biotechnology in use today is built on a long history. Will the animal become established in the environment? The biotechnology research company of China- ‘China National Biotec Group’ has developed convalescent plasma to treat the patients who are infected with the COVID-19 (novel corona virus). For example, is it ethical to create genetically modified chickens that can tolerate living in small cages? Biotechnology can improve an animal’s impact on the environment. From the time when biotechnology has come into existence, researchers are busy to find something new out of it that can help to ease the life of common man. The modern era of biotechnology began in 1953, when American biochemist James Watson and British biophysicist Francis Crick presented their double-helix model of DNA. Such techniques include crossing diverse strains of animals (known as hybridizing) to produce greater genetic variety. The offspring from these crosses then are bred selectively to produce the greatest number of desirable traits. Animal Biotechnology covers the identification and manipulation of genes and their products, stressing applications in domesticated animals. To ensure the site displays correctly, please use a more modern browser, like Firefox or Google Chrome. Currently, the pig is the major animal being considered as a viable organ donor to humans. Current Research in Biotechnology topics covered include "core" biotechnology disciplines such as genetic and molecular engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; and tissue, cell and pathway engineering. Perhaps the most controversy and debate regarding animal biotechnology surrounds the animals themselves. Current Research in Biotechnology topics covered include "core" biotechnology disciplines such as genetic and molecular engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; and tissue, cell and pathway engineering. The agency’s strict confidentiality provisions and lack of an environmental mandate in the FDCA also are concerns. Instead, the initiative is committed to providing information and encouraging dialogue so consumers and policy-makers can make their own informed decisions. Animals are used in many ways in biotechnology. That event marked the beginning of recombinant DNA technology, or genetic engineering. That was followed by Swiss microbiologist Werner Arber’s discovery in the 1960s of special enzymes, called restriction enzymes, in bacteria. Other questions must be answered first, such as, “What substances expressed as a result of the genetic modification are likely to remain in food?” Despite these questions, the National Academies of Science (NAS) released a report titled Animal Biotechnology: Science-Based Concerns stating that the overall concern level for food safety was determined to be low. This transferring of genes alters the characteristics of the organism by changing its protein makeup. Current issue Browse list of issues Explore. The potential benefits of animal biotechnology are numerous and include enhanced nutritional content of food for human consumption; a more abundant, cheaper and varied food supply; agricultural land-use savings; a decrease in the number of animals needed for the food supply; improved health of animals and humans; development of new, low-cost disease treatments for humans; and increased understanding of human disease. Animals. USDA supports the safe and appropriate use of science and technology, including biotechnology, to help meet agricultural challenges and consumer needs of the 21st century. Examples of animal biotechnology include creating transgenic animals (animals with one or more genes introduced by human intervention), using gene knock out technology to make animals with a specific inactivated gene and producing nearly identical animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (or cloning). Transgenic poultry, swine, goats and cattle that generate large quantities of human proteins in eggs, milk, blood or urine also have been produced, with the goal of using these products as human pharmaceuticals. To date, cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, mules, cats, rats and mice have been cloned, beginning with the first cloned animal, a sheep named Dolly, in 1996. Biotechnology News. Other people are concerned about its impact on small farmers. Because of the many uncertainties involved, it is challenging to make an assessment. As of May 27, 2016, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the FDA can only require additional labeling of foods derived from Genetically Engineered sources if there is a material difference – such as a different nutritional profile – between the GE product and its non-GE counterpart. Yet despite these potential benefits, several areas of concern exist around the use of biotechnology in animals. 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